The methods and methodology section of the research proposal provides an overall plan of how the research objectives will be achieved. It includes a description of the methods and the methodology. Methods are the techniques or procedures used to gather and analyse data or to make a piece of art. Methodology refers to the ‘the strategy, plan of action, process or design lying behind the choice and use of particular methods, and linking the choice and use of methods to the desired outcomes’ (Crotty, 1998:3). Methodology includes not only the practical aspects of the research such as method and action plan, but also the philosophical and theoretical perspectives of the research.
The research design section encompasses the:
- research aim, hypothesis or question (also stated in the proposal introduction),
- methodology or rationale that underpins the research aim,
- data collection methods or artistic practice and materials,
- strategies used to analyse the data (not typical for exegeses),
- discussion of special ethical circumstances.
The research design tells the reader what you will do, how and where you will do it, and why you will do it in this way. This resource provides some tips on how to write the research design section of the research proposal.