What is a proposal?
A proposal is a request for support of sponsored research, instruction, or extension projects.


How to Write a Research Proposal
Most students and beginning researchers do not fully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand its importance. To put it bluntly, one’s research is only as a good as one’s proposal. An ill-conceived proposal dooms the project even if it somehow gets through the Thesis Supervisory Committee. A high quality proposal, on the other hand, not only promises success for the project, but also impresses your Thesis Committee about your potential as a researcher.
A research proposal is intended to convince others that you have a worthwhile research project and that you have the competence and the work-plan to complete it. Generally, a research proposal should contain all the key elements involved in the research process and include sufficient information for the readers to evaluate the proposed study.

Types of proposals

  • Solicited proposals
  • Unsolicited proposals
  • Preproposals
  • Continuation or non-competing proposals
  • Renewal or competing proposals

Parts of a proposal
Proposals for sponsored activities generally follow a similar format, although there are variations depending upon whether the proposer is seeking support for a research grant, a training grant, or a conference or curriculum development project. The following are the components of a research proposal.

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Description of Proposed Research
  • Description of Relevant Institutional Resources
  • List of References
  • Personnel
  • Budget

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