A case study is an in-depth investigation conducted over a given length of time. They are used to collect and present detailed information about a person, group or situation, to try to understand what has happened and why, or to analyse the situation to solve a problem. A case study has a number of different phases:

• Identifying the problem or issue.

• Linking theory to real life.

• Research, including interviews and/or role play.

• Analysis of the information.

• Deciding on a solution or reach a conclusion(s).

• Justifying your conclusion(s).

• Making recommendations.

• Outlining how the recommendations can be implemented.

Writing a case study

A written case study is usually made up of some, or all, of the following parts:

• An executive summary / abstract / overview.

• Introduction / background.

• Discussion, including the methods used.

• Findings.

• Conclusion.

• Recommendations.

• Implementation.

• References.

• Appendices (if relevant).

For more information about case studies:

Answering a case study – RMIT University (Opens in new window)


An abstract is a short summary of an academic article, thesis, conference presentation or an in-depth research paper. The aim of an abstract is to provide a brief overview of the purpose of the paper. The terms précis or synopsis are sometimes used instead of abstract.

An abstract usually contains:

• a brief problem statement, i.e. the objective

• an outline of the method(s) or approach followed

• the results or findings of the investigation

• the implications of what was found, and

• a conclusion(s).

For more information on abstracts:

Writing an abstract – Victoria University (PDF, 297KB, opens in new window)

Annotated bibliographies

An annotated bibliography is a list of resources, including books, articles and documents. Each entry is followed by a concise summary and evaluation of the resource, i.e. the annotation.
For more information on bibliographies:

Note: https://elearning.educationforhealth.org/docs/How%20to%20approach%20coursework%20V0215.pdf

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>